Rural EMS


The provision of emergency medical services in the rural environment poses many challenges. The remoteness and inaccessibility of some rural and wilderness areas significantly reduces the capacity of EMS agencies to respond to a patient in need. Other challenges include poor provider reimbursement, recruitment and retention difficulties, a dwindling pool of volunteer personnel, aging infrastructure, communication technology problems, lack of access to qualified medical direction, and continuing education. NASEMSO recognizes the need for a continued focus on the needs facing the EMS systems in rural and frontier areas.


Meeting schedule

This guide is intended to be used as reference material only. State policies are subject to change and may not be immediately reflected in this document. The processes listed below are for Basic Life Support only. Medical Unit Leaders, Logistic Section Chiefs, Agency Administrators, and others must appropriately research processes in each state.

Western States Processes for Legal Recognition of EMTs on Wildland Fires



Andy Gienapp, MS, NRP
State EMS Director
Wyoming Department of Health

For More Information

Kevin McGinnis, MPS, Paramedic Chief (Ret)
NASEMSO Program Manager